Back-to-school sales will return to a more normal, prepandemic growth rate this year

The forecast: Our back-to-school forecast expects sales will rise 2.9% to $71.74 billion this year.

  • Zooming in, we expect spending on students who are in kindergarten through high school (K-12) will grow 2.1% to $40.67 billion, and spending on college-age students will increase 3.8% to $31.07 billion.
  • The overall back-to-school sales growth rate is a far cry from the massive 13.2% surge in 2021. But that’s understandable because the shift back to in-person learning drove parents and guardians to buy new uniforms and other clothes for K-12 students, and college students had two years of pent-up demand for dorm-related purchases. Then in 2022, the 5.5% growth was largely due to inflation.
  • This year’s growth will still be markedly higher than the 1.3% rate in prepandemic 2019, and right in line with our US Total Retail Sales forecast.

Slow growth: One reason we expect modest growth is that two of the primary back-to-school categories, consumer electronics and apparel, have had middling results this year.

  • Through the first five months of the year, electronics and appliance store sales are down 2.7%, while clothing and clothing accessories stores are up just 1.0%.
  • Those results drove us to slightly adjust our back-to-school forecast from the 3.5% growth we expected in Q1 to 2.9%.

Differing views: Two other back-to-school forecasts—both of which are based on consumer surveys—offer starkly different outlooks (from us and each other) for the back-to-school season. (For the sake of comparison, our forecast is based on a category-by-category model that considers critical elements such as how inflation impacts sales.)

  • The National Retail Federation’s forecast expects spending on K-12 students will grow 10.8% to $41 billion, and spending on college-age students will soar 27.0% to $94 billion.
  • Deloitte’s forecast expects K-12 spending will decline 9.3% to $31.2 billion.

A wide swing in expectations for technology-related purchases helps explain the significant discrepancy between the models. NRF expects big-ticket electronics purchases will fuel growth because 69% of respondents to its survey expect to buy electronics or other computer-related accessories this year. Deloitte takes a very different view as it expects technology-related purchases to decline 12.8%.

The big takeaway: Modest back-to-school sales growth appears likely given the results that we’ve seen so far this year.

  • Even though many consumers are likely to look for deals given that they’ve grown increasingly cost conscious this year, they’ve continued to spend.

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