Broadcom’s VMware buy faces scrutiny from EU regulators

The news: Broadcom is the latest US tech company under investigation by the European Commission (EC), for its $61 billion takeover of VMware.

Investigation could stall the deal: A report from Reuters indicates a full-scale probe into Broadcom’s acquisition of VMware, likely to be announced December 20, following initial discussions between Broadcom and the EC last week.

How we got here: Broadcom agreed in May to buy VMware, opening up multiple opportunities in corporate solutions, data center software, edge computing, and Internet of Things (IoT).

  • The move is indicative of chipmakers pivoting to cloud and edge computing. In February, AMD bought Xilinx for $49 billion.
  • Broadcom, which makes an array of chips used in mobile phones and telecom networks, could expand into cloud services and enable expansion into data centers with VMware’s technology. 
  • VMware—a cloud computing and virtualization company—has a $40 million market valuation and was previously a subsidiary of Dell Computers.
  • The merger could help Broadcom expand into software and services with a focus on the profitable services and cloud computing market. 
  • VMware, which has more than 500,000 customers—including the big three in cloud, Amazon, Microsoft, and Google—unlocks the growing edge and IoT segment for Broadcom.

Building an IoT and edge-computing giant: The combination of Broadcom’s mobile phone and telecom network chips and VMware’s software positions Broadcom as a leader in data center and cloud-computing solutions.

Delayed deals lose value: Large tech M&As are receiving heightened scrutiny, and while European regulators are taking point on ensuring that anticompetitive strategies are kept in check, other regulators are following suit.

  • Delayed mergers could result in loss of business, slower integration between companies, and missed opportunities. 
  • The UK government's Competition and Markets Authority announced late in November that it was opening a preliminary inquiry into the merger.
  • The US Federal Trade Commission, which could soon have its hands full with Microsoft, is enacting a review of Broadcom’s agreement focusing on "conglomerate effects of the combination," which could be swayed by overseas regulations.

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